Control of Epithelial Ion Transport by Cl− and PDZ Proteins

Control of Epithelial Ion Transport by Cl− and PDZ Proteins Inhibition of epithelial Na+ channels (ENaC) by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) has been demonstrated previously. Recent studies suggested a role of cytosolic Cl− for the interaction of CFTR with ENaC, when studied in Xenopus oocytes. In the present study we demonstrate that the Na+/H+-exchanger regulator factor (NHERF) controls expression of CFTR in mouse collecting duct cells. Inhibition of NHERF largely attenuates CFTR expression, which is paralleled by enhanced Ca2+-dependent Cl− secretion and augmented Na+ absorption by the ENaC. It is further demonstrated that epithelial Na+ absorption and ENaC are inhibited by cytosolic Cl− and that stimulation by secretagogues enhances the intracellular Cl− concentration. Thus, the data provide a clue to the question, how epithelial cells can operate as both absorptive and secretory units: Increase in intracellular Cl− during activation of secretion will inhibit ENaC and switch epithelial transport from salt absorption to Cl− secretion. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Control of Epithelial Ion Transport by Cl− and PDZ Proteins

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Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
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