The effect of oscillating a small foil in plunge on the reattachment of a separated shear layer in a two-dimensional backward-facing step flow has been studied using flow visualization and single component laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) measurements. It has been shown that a jet instead of a wake is generated by the flapping action of the foil. Results indicate that this action induces strong mixing and entrainment when the foil is located within the recirculation flow region, thereby reducing the reattachment length by as much as 70%. Furthermore, it has been shown that the flapping foil is most effective in reducing the size of the separation zone when placed close to the wall and to the step. It is least effective when placed outside the separated shear layer or downstream of the reattachment zone.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2002
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