Contributions of inorganic ions, soluble carbohydrates, and multiatomic alcohols to water homeostasis in Artemisia lerchiana and A. pauciflora

Contributions of inorganic ions, soluble carbohydrates, and multiatomic alcohols to water... Two morphological forms of wormwood Artemisia lerchiana (f. erecta and f. nutans) and A. pauciflora Web. (morphological form erecta) were grown on sand culture at a range of NaCl concentrations in the nutrient medium and then assayed for Na+, K+, and Cl− content in various organs. In addition, the content of mono-, di-, and trisaccharides and multiatomic alcohols (mannitol and glycerol); water content; and organ biomass were determined. All plants examined showed high NaCl tolerance, comparable to that of halophytes. They were able to maintain high tissue hydration under conditions of salinity-induced growth suppression. The intracellular osmotic pressure in wormwood organs was mainly determined by the presence of Na+, K+, and Cl−, as well as by mono-, di-, and trisaccharides, mannitol, and glycerol. The high content of Na+ and Cl− in wormwood organs was also observed in the absence of salinity, which implies the ability of these organs to absorb ions from diluted NaCl solutions and accumulate ions in cells of their tissues. With the increase in salinity, the content of Na+ and Cl− in roots and leaves increased to even higher levels. It is concluded that the ability of wormwood plants to absorb and accumulate inorganic ions provides for sustainable high intracellular osmotic pressure and, accordingly, low water potential under drought and salinity conditions. Growing plants under high salinity lowered the content of monosaccharides in parallel with accumulation of the trisaccharide raffinose. It is supposed that soluble carbohydrates and multiatomic alcohols are not only significant for osmoregulation but also perform a protective function in wormwood plants. The lower osmotic pressure in root cells compared to that in leaf cells of all plants examined was mainly due to the gradient distribution of K+ and Cl− between roots and leaves. The two Artemisia species and two morphological forms of A. lerchiana did not differ appreciably in the ways of water balance regulation. It is found that different morphologies of two A. lerchiana forms are unrelated to variations in intracellular osmotic and turgor pressures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Contributions of inorganic ions, soluble carbohydrates, and multiatomic alcohols to water homeostasis in Artemisia lerchiana and A. pauciflora

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/contributions-of-inorganic-ions-soluble-carbohydrates-and-multiatomic-a0rMM2Z8sH
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443709020083
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two morphological forms of wormwood Artemisia lerchiana (f. erecta and f. nutans) and A. pauciflora Web. (morphological form erecta) were grown on sand culture at a range of NaCl concentrations in the nutrient medium and then assayed for Na+, K+, and Cl− content in various organs. In addition, the content of mono-, di-, and trisaccharides and multiatomic alcohols (mannitol and glycerol); water content; and organ biomass were determined. All plants examined showed high NaCl tolerance, comparable to that of halophytes. They were able to maintain high tissue hydration under conditions of salinity-induced growth suppression. The intracellular osmotic pressure in wormwood organs was mainly determined by the presence of Na+, K+, and Cl−, as well as by mono-, di-, and trisaccharides, mannitol, and glycerol. The high content of Na+ and Cl− in wormwood organs was also observed in the absence of salinity, which implies the ability of these organs to absorb ions from diluted NaCl solutions and accumulate ions in cells of their tissues. With the increase in salinity, the content of Na+ and Cl− in roots and leaves increased to even higher levels. It is concluded that the ability of wormwood plants to absorb and accumulate inorganic ions provides for sustainable high intracellular osmotic pressure and, accordingly, low water potential under drought and salinity conditions. Growing plants under high salinity lowered the content of monosaccharides in parallel with accumulation of the trisaccharide raffinose. It is supposed that soluble carbohydrates and multiatomic alcohols are not only significant for osmoregulation but also perform a protective function in wormwood plants. The lower osmotic pressure in root cells compared to that in leaf cells of all plants examined was mainly due to the gradient distribution of K+ and Cl− between roots and leaves. The two Artemisia species and two morphological forms of A. lerchiana did not differ appreciably in the ways of water balance regulation. It is found that different morphologies of two A. lerchiana forms are unrelated to variations in intracellular osmotic and turgor pressures.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 31, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off