Cadmium (Cd) accumulation and internal Cd translocation in the peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) are highly related to root uptake, which may largely depend on the cultivar variation and the depth of the Cd-contaminated soil. A split-column soil experiment was conducted using two common Chinese peanut cultivars (Huayu-20 and Huayu-23) known to relocate Cd to different tissues. The growth medium was separated into four layers and Cd solution was solely applied to one layer to determine the key depth affecting the Cd accumulation in a plant via root uptakes. The results showed that the biomass of Huayu-23 was significantly higher biomass (3.28–94.0%) than that of Huayu-20, especially in the aerial parts (stems and leaves) and kernels, implying the dilution of Cd. Following the addition of Cd to the soil, the Cd concentrations in peanut tissues increased on average by 28.9–172 and 28.3–111% in Huayu-20 and Huayu-23, respectively. The largest presence of Cd in a peanut plant was observed in the aerial parts, followed by the kernels. Huayu-20 accumulated more Cd in plant tissues than did Huayu-23 due to the former’s high Cd translocation. These findings imply that peanut cultivars vary widely in biomass, Cd accumulation, and the percentage distribution of Cd among various plant tissues, especially kernels. Different Cd treatments in the full depth of the root zone induced significant alterations in Cd accumulation of peanut tissues, especially kernels, for both cultivars. The percentage distribution of Cd accumulation by kernels was significantly higher in the deeper layer than in the top layer of the root zone for both peanut cultivars. This study suggests that soil modifications performed during agronomic activities should take into account the full depth of root exploration as well as the peanut cultivars to manage plant Cd uptake.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 2018
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