Contextual Debiasing and Critical Thinking: Reasons for Optimism

Contextual Debiasing and Critical Thinking: Reasons for Optimism In this article I argue that most biases in argumentation and decision-making can and should be counteracted. Although biases can prove beneficial in certain contexts, I contend that they are generally maladaptive and need correction. Yet critical thinking alone seems insufficient to mitigate biases in everyday contexts. I develop a contextualist approach, according to which cognitive debiasing strategies need to be supplemented by extra-psychic devices that rely on social and environmental constraints in order to promote rational reasoning. Finally, I examine several examples of contextual debiasing strategies and show how they can contribute to enhance critical thinking at a cognitive level. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Topoi Springer Journals

Contextual Debiasing and Critical Thinking: Reasons for Optimism

Topoi , Volume 37 (1) – Apr 26, 2016

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Philosophy; Philosophy, general; Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Technology
ISSN
0167-7411
eISSN
1572-8749
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11245-016-9388-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this article I argue that most biases in argumentation and decision-making can and should be counteracted. Although biases can prove beneficial in certain contexts, I contend that they are generally maladaptive and need correction. Yet critical thinking alone seems insufficient to mitigate biases in everyday contexts. I develop a contextualist approach, according to which cognitive debiasing strategies need to be supplemented by extra-psychic devices that rely on social and environmental constraints in order to promote rational reasoning. Finally, I examine several examples of contextual debiasing strategies and show how they can contribute to enhance critical thinking at a cognitive level.

Journal

TopoiSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 26, 2016

References

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