Lipidic nanovesicles (the so-called liposomes) were among the one of the earliest forms of nanovectors. One of their limits was our lack of knowledge on the delivery pathway of their content to the target cell cytoplasm. In most models, it appears to be linked to endocytotic transfer. Their direct content delivery can be enhanced by electric field pulses applied to a cell liposomes mixture. The optimal form for liposomes was shown to be large unilamellar vesicles (LUV). The present communication describes an optimization to enhance the delivery. When lipidic nanovesicles (LUVs) are electrostatically brought in contact with electropermeabilized cells by a salt bridge, their content is delivered into the cytoplasm of electropermeabilized cells. The PEF parameters are selected to affect specifically the cells leaving the vesicles unaffected. Cell viability is positively affected by the treatment. High-field short pulses are more efficient than low-field long pulses. A homogeneous cytoplasm labeling is observed under digitized videomicroscopy. The process is a content mixing, not an endocytotic pathway. The lipidic composition of the LUV should contain charged lipids (phosphatidylserine), fusion promoting lipids (phosphatidylethanolamine), and cholesterol.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 22, 2015
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera