During the progression of AIDS, there is a shift in abundance of immune cells from Th1-producing cells to Th2-producing cells. To determine whether this change might have an effect on HIV-1 replication in vivo, we constructed simian/human immunodeficiency chimeric viruses having the human IL-5 gene (a Th2-type cytokine) and examined the effect of the inserted gene on viral replication, IL-5 production and viral stability in vitro. The DNA of human IL-5 was inserted into vpr -deleted and nef -deleted infectious SHIVs. The obtained replication-competent viruses were used to infect human T-cell lines and monkey peripheral blood mononuclear cells. As a result, at the time of peak NI-IL5 virus production, IL-5 was produced with a significantly higher titer than 3sj-IL5. The functionality of the produced IL-5 was confirmed by IL-5-dependent cells. The replication of both SHIVs having IL-5 appeared to be faster than that of the parental viruses without the IL-5 gene. These results show that co-expression of IL-5 stimulates SHIV replication in vitro. Thus, it is expected that expression of IL-5 will also have an effect on viral replication and pathogenicity in vivo.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2001
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