Construction and characterization of a full-length infectious clone from a fast-replicating, X4-tropic HIV-1 subtype B′ isolate

Construction and characterization of a full-length infectious clone from a fast-replicating,... In HIV-1 epidemics in China, HIV-1 subtype B′ is the most predominant subtype circulating in intravenous drug users. In this study, we constructed an HIV-1 full-length infectious molecular clone based on the primary virus LWJ, which was isolated from an HIV-infected patient in Fujian Province, China. Phylogenetic and bootscanning analysis of the viral sequence revealed that the isolate LWJ belonged to HIV-1 subtype B′. The infectious clone was designated as “pLWJ”. The virus (LWJ-c) produced from this infectious clone by in vitro transfection of 293T cells could infect both human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and human the T cell line MT4. Interestingly, the cloned LWJ-c virus utilized CXCR4 as its co-receptor and could replicate in vitro with similar efficiency and kinetics compared to its parental primary isolate LWJ as well as the clade B reference virus NL4-3. The LWJ-c virus could also cause cytopathic effects in both PBMCs and MT cells. Sequence analysis of the envelope glycoprotein of pLWJ showed that a conserved GPGR motif and an arginine at position 11 were present in the V3 loop, which was consistent with previous reports regarding CXCR4 co-receptor usage and syncytium-inducing (SI) phenotype. Thus, the infectious clone represents a fast-replicating, high-producing, CXCR4-tropic and syncytium-inducing isolate. Given the prevalence of HIV-1 subtype B′ in China, this infectious clone can be a very useful tool to provide a versatile molecular model for research focusing on the biological properties of this subtype. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Construction and characterization of a full-length infectious clone from a fast-replicating, X4-tropic HIV-1 subtype B′ isolate

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/construction-and-characterization-of-a-full-length-infectious-clone-gw4LcaCCmb
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-010-0776-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In HIV-1 epidemics in China, HIV-1 subtype B′ is the most predominant subtype circulating in intravenous drug users. In this study, we constructed an HIV-1 full-length infectious molecular clone based on the primary virus LWJ, which was isolated from an HIV-infected patient in Fujian Province, China. Phylogenetic and bootscanning analysis of the viral sequence revealed that the isolate LWJ belonged to HIV-1 subtype B′. The infectious clone was designated as “pLWJ”. The virus (LWJ-c) produced from this infectious clone by in vitro transfection of 293T cells could infect both human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and human the T cell line MT4. Interestingly, the cloned LWJ-c virus utilized CXCR4 as its co-receptor and could replicate in vitro with similar efficiency and kinetics compared to its parental primary isolate LWJ as well as the clade B reference virus NL4-3. The LWJ-c virus could also cause cytopathic effects in both PBMCs and MT cells. Sequence analysis of the envelope glycoprotein of pLWJ showed that a conserved GPGR motif and an arginine at position 11 were present in the V3 loop, which was consistent with previous reports regarding CXCR4 co-receptor usage and syncytium-inducing (SI) phenotype. Thus, the infectious clone represents a fast-replicating, high-producing, CXCR4-tropic and syncytium-inducing isolate. Given the prevalence of HIV-1 subtype B′ in China, this infectious clone can be a very useful tool to provide a versatile molecular model for research focusing on the biological properties of this subtype.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2010

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off