Multimodal interaction represents a more natural style of human-computer interaction permitting our developed communicative skills to interact with computer systems. It remains a challenging task to design reliable multimodal systems. Employing advanced methods providing optimal performance depends on precise modeling of integration patterns that allows adapting to preferences and differences of individual users. While basic foundation and empirical evidence around these differences has already been described and confirmed in previous research works, introduced measures and classifications seem oversimplified and insufficiently precise to design reliable and robust interaction models. In this paper, results of our study of multimodal integration patterns in systems combining speech and gesture input are presented. Important interaction differences of subjects and their specific multimodal integration patterns were confirmed and completed with our own findings. Based on the obtained results, a new integration pattern categorization is defined and analyzed. The introduced categorization provides more reliable and consistent results in comparison with classifications presented in related literature. Moreover, its generality means it is applicable on other input modality combinations.
Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 22, 2017
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