Heptapteridae is one of the fish families of the order Siluriformes with a wide distribution throughout the basins of the Neotropical region. The genera Imparfinis and Pimelodella comprise few species and/or populations with some chromosome information. Specimens of Imparfinis schubarti, Imparfinis mirini, and Pimelodella meeki from different sites located in the Paranapanema River Basin/PR/Brazil were cytogenetically analyzed. The two species of the genus Imparfinis exhibited 2n = 58 and FN = 116: I. schubarti, with a karyotypic formula of 30m + 28sm and I. mirini with a karyotype formula of 36m + 22sm. P. meeki presented a karyotype of 2n = 46 characterized by 26m + 14sm + 6st and FN = 92, confirming a variability in the 2n of the Heptapteridae family. Both Imparfinis species exhibited interstitial NORs in pair 1, coincident with a secondary constriction; P. meeki presented NORs located in the terminal position on the short arm of pair 17. All AgNORs were coincident with 18S rDNA probe and CMA3 positive. P. meeki showed a small amount of heterochromatin rich in AT and GC bases. The heterochromatin in I. schubarti was CMA3 positive. In I. mirini the heterochromatin was DAPI-positive. Furthermore, the long arm of one of the chromosomes of pair 19 revealed the presence of heterochromatic heteromorphism only in male individuals. After meiotic analyses, this heteromorphism could be easily identified in the pachytene and metaphase I stages, and was heteropyknotic and DAPI positive. This feature may be an indication of initial differentiation of sex chromosomes in I. mirini, increasing the great karyotypic variability within this family of fish.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 7, 2012
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