Conservative treatment of CMC-1 osteoarthritis

Conservative treatment of CMC-1 osteoarthritis Initially, osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb (CMC-1) should be conservatively treated. However, literature concerning this topic is absent. Therefore, 39 patients (71 hands) with conservatively treated osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb were reviewed. The minimum follow-up period was 1 year; the average follow-up period was 8.8 years. Thirty-two women had bilateral CMC-1 osteoarthritis; the remaining seven patients had unilateral CMC-1 osteoarthritis. Although suggested by others, long-term pain relief was not observed in this study. Moreover, patient satisfaction, thumb strength, and mobility were not influenced by the duration of the CMC-1 osteoarthritis. In conservatively treated patients, worse results are achieved than in operated patients, especially concerning their subjective experiences. The authors therefore advise surgery, especially in the case of pain which hampers the activities of daily life. European Journal of Plastic Surgery Springer Journals

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Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag
Medicine & Public Health; Plastic Surgery
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