Multiple blood pressure (BP) quantitative trait loci (QTLs) are reported on rat chromosome 10 (RNO10). Of these, QTLs detected by contrasting the genome of the hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rat with two different relatively normotensive strains, Lewis (LEW) and the Milan normotensive strain (MNS), are reported. Because the deduced QTL regions of both S vs. LEW and S vs. MNS comparisons are within large genomic segments encompassing more than 2 cM, there was a need to further localize these QTLs and determine whether the QTLs are unique to specific strain comparisons. Previously, the S.MNS QTL1 was mapped to less than 2.6 cM as a differential segment between two congenic strains. In this study, multiple congenic strains spanning the projected interval were studied. The BP effect of each strain was interpreted as the net effect of alleles introgressed within that congenic strain. The results suggest that the MNS alleles within the previously proposed differential segment (D10Rat27-D10Rat24) do not independently lower BP of the S rat. However, another congenic strain, S.MNS(10) × 9, containing introgressed MNS alleles that are outside of the previously proposed differential segment is of interest because (1) it demonstrated a BP-lowering effect, (2) it is contained within a single congenic strain and is not based on the observed effect of a differential segment, and, more importantly, (3) it overlaps with the previously identified S.LEW BP QTL region. Identification of the same QTL affecting BP in multiple rat strains will provide further support for the QTL’s involvement and importance in human essential hypertension.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 4, 2008
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