Conforming to Masculine Norms: Evidence for Validity among Adult Men and Women

Conforming to Masculine Norms: Evidence for Validity among Adult Men and Women Assessment of masculinity as an ideological belief system (MI) has become increasingly popular. Validation of MI measures and subsequent research has relied heavily on undergraduate samples. In the present study, convergent and divergent validity of the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (Mahalik et al., Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 4: 3–25, 2003) were examined among a convenience sample of 688 male and female adults who were divided into four groups (undergraduates, younger adults, middle-aged adults, older adults). Across groups, convergent validity was suggested by consistent relations with sexism, and divergent validity was suggested by consistent nonsignificant relations with masculine attributes. Results suggest that generalizations among male groups can be made with caution and that generalizations to women may be appropriate when the focal constructs are unrelated to women or femininity. Sex Roles Springer Journals

Conforming to Masculine Norms: Evidence for Validity among Adult Men and Women

Sex Roles , Volume 54 (12) – Nov 2, 2006

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
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