Conductivity of nonstoichiometric fluorides LnF2+x (Ln = Sm, Eu, Yb)

Conductivity of nonstoichiometric fluorides LnF2+x (Ln = Sm, Eu, Yb) Nonstoichiometric fluorides LnF2+x (Ln = Sm, Eu, Yb) were synthesized by reduction of trifluorides with the above rare-earth elements. The resulting phases were identified by chemical and X-ray phase analyses, their composition and structure were determined, and their lattice constants were found. The ac bridge method at a frequency of 70 kHz was used to study the conductivity of the synthesized compounds and starting trifluorides in the temperature range 773–298 K. The temperature dependence of the conductivity of these compounds is satisfactorily approximated by the Arrhenius-Frenkel equation. A kink is observed on the plots of the electrical conductivity against temperature for all compounds. With decreasing content of fluorine, this kink shifts to higher temperatures. The highest conductivity is observed for the phases with low crystal packing density. With increasing content of fluorine, the conductivity of all nonstoichiometric phases not belonging to substitution solid solutions approaches the conductivity of the corresponding trifluorides. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Conductivity of nonstoichiometric fluorides LnF2+x (Ln = Sm, Eu, Yb)

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1070-4272
eISSN
1608-3296
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1070427213120069
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nonstoichiometric fluorides LnF2+x (Ln = Sm, Eu, Yb) were synthesized by reduction of trifluorides with the above rare-earth elements. The resulting phases were identified by chemical and X-ray phase analyses, their composition and structure were determined, and their lattice constants were found. The ac bridge method at a frequency of 70 kHz was used to study the conductivity of the synthesized compounds and starting trifluorides in the temperature range 773–298 K. The temperature dependence of the conductivity of these compounds is satisfactorily approximated by the Arrhenius-Frenkel equation. A kink is observed on the plots of the electrical conductivity against temperature for all compounds. With decreasing content of fluorine, this kink shifts to higher temperatures. The highest conductivity is observed for the phases with low crystal packing density. With increasing content of fluorine, the conductivity of all nonstoichiometric phases not belonging to substitution solid solutions approaches the conductivity of the corresponding trifluorides.

Journal

Russian Journal of Applied ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 27, 2014

References

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