Conduction of Monovalent and Divalent Cations in the Slow Vacuolar Channel

Conduction of Monovalent and Divalent Cations in the Slow Vacuolar Channel The conduction properties of individual physiologically important cations Na+, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ were determined in the slowly activating (SV) channel of sugar beet vacuoles. Current-voltage relationships of the open channel were measured on excised tonoplast patches in a continuous manner by applying a ±140 mV ramp-wave protocol. Applying KCl gradients of either direction across the patch we have determined that the relative Cl− to K+ permeability was ≤1%. Symmetrical increase of the concentration of tested cation caused an increase of the single channel conductance followed by saturation. Fitting of binding isotherms at zero voltage to the Michaelis-Menten equation resulted in values of maximal conductance of 300, 385, 18, and 13 pS, and of apparent dissociation constants of 64, 103, 0.04, and 0.08 mm for Na+, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+, respectively. Deviations from the single-ion occupancy mechanism are documented, and alternative models of permeation are discussed. The magnitude of currents carried by divalent cations at low concentrations can be explained by an unrealistically wide (∼140 Å) radius of the pore entrance. We propose instead a fixed negative charge in the pore vestibules, which concentrates the cations in their proximity. The conduction properties of the SV channel are compared with reported characteristics of voltage-dependent Ca2+-permeable channels, and consequences for a possible reduction of postulated multiplicity of Ca2+ pathways across the tonoplast are drawn. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Conduction of Monovalent and Divalent Cations in the Slow Vacuolar Channel

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/conduction-of-monovalent-and-divalent-cations-in-the-slow-vacuolar-ejMub1hg0U
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s0023200100073
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial