Concentration effect of N-isopropylacrylamide on viscoelastic properties of hydrosoluble thermo-thickening copolymers

Concentration effect of N-isopropylacrylamide on viscoelastic properties of hydrosoluble... In this work, we described the preparation of hydrosolubles thermosensitive copolymers obtained via free radical polymerization in aqueous media. The reactions were carried out under different molar ratio of acrylamide and N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and are considered [80]/[20], [60]/[40], [50]/[50], [40]/[60] and [20]/[80], respectively. The initial concentration of monomer mixture was kept at 3% (weight) based on the water volume. The polymerizations were performed at 70 °C under mechanical agitation during 7 h and the molar ratio between monomer and initiator (4,4′-azobis cyano pentanoic acid) was kept at 0.07%. The copolymers were characterized and results demonstrated that the monomer concentrations were closed to previously feed to the reaction. The turbidity point rises according to the quantity of poly(acrylamide), PAM, incorporated into the copolymers (composition value). Also, it was observed that the molecular weight of each copolymer decreases when the amount of NIPAM increases. On the other hand, the viscosity of all copolymers growth compared to the increase in the temperature from 25 to 70 °C is observed. Notwithstanding, in the case of copolymer with highest NIPAM concentration (CP5), the viscosity decreases in the temperature range from 60 to 70 °C. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Polymer Bulletin Springer Journals

Concentration effect of N-isopropylacrylamide on viscoelastic properties of hydrosoluble thermo-thickening copolymers

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Soft and Granular Matter, Complex Fluids and Microfluidics; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Physical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry
ISSN
0170-0839
eISSN
1436-2449
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00289-017-1943-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this work, we described the preparation of hydrosolubles thermosensitive copolymers obtained via free radical polymerization in aqueous media. The reactions were carried out under different molar ratio of acrylamide and N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and are considered [80]/[20], [60]/[40], [50]/[50], [40]/[60] and [20]/[80], respectively. The initial concentration of monomer mixture was kept at 3% (weight) based on the water volume. The polymerizations were performed at 70 °C under mechanical agitation during 7 h and the molar ratio between monomer and initiator (4,4′-azobis cyano pentanoic acid) was kept at 0.07%. The copolymers were characterized and results demonstrated that the monomer concentrations were closed to previously feed to the reaction. The turbidity point rises according to the quantity of poly(acrylamide), PAM, incorporated into the copolymers (composition value). Also, it was observed that the molecular weight of each copolymer decreases when the amount of NIPAM increases. On the other hand, the viscosity of all copolymers growth compared to the increase in the temperature from 25 to 70 °C is observed. Notwithstanding, in the case of copolymer with highest NIPAM concentration (CP5), the viscosity decreases in the temperature range from 60 to 70 °C.

Journal

Polymer BulletinSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 14, 2017

References

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