We propose a comprehensive design methodology for control and data planes of wavelength-routed optical networks (WRONs) employing mixed-line-rate (MLR) transmission for cost-effective resource provisioning. The proposed approach attempts to minimize the maximum lightpath capacity demand in Gbps (representing the measure of lightpath congestion) in network for a given traffic matrix by using a mix of a heuristic scheme and linear programming (LP). In the first step of the proposed three-step design, some lightpaths are set up on a set of judiciously selected fiber links (with point-to-point lightpaths between neighboring nodes), on a specific wavelength throughout the network, and an appropriate fraction of the same set of lightpaths is utilized for carrying control information, forming therefore the control plane (CP) of the WRON. The remaining bandwidth of these lightpaths is utilized to carry the data traffic along with all other designed lightpaths of the WRON using appropriate algorithm, forming the overall data plane (DP) of the WRON. In the second step, traffic routing is carried out through LP to minimize lightpath congestion in the network. In the third step, we utilize the results of LP to assign rates to lightpaths, such that the cost (considering only the transceiver cost) of the network is minimized. This design leads to congestion-aware MLR network with due consideration to cost-effectiveness without compromising the network restoration response against link failures. We carry out simulation studies employing possible CPs using both symmetric (CP topology being same as the physical topology) as well as asymmetric (using fewer fiber links than the symmetric case) topology. The results of our simulations indicate that the proposed design of CP with symmetric/asymmetric topology and in-band transmission with sub-lightpath capacity can bring down network congestion and cost with respect to symmetric out-of-band transmission (using fully reserved lightpaths for CP), without any perceptible sacrifice in respect of the network restoration time. Failure can occur either in CP or DP, or in both the planes. We investigate the effect of design of CP with symmetric/asymmetric topology on network restoration time for single- and double-link failures. We further present DP design methodology with hybrid restoration scheme, i.e., combination of dedicated (1:1) path protection and path restoration. We analyze the effect of symmetric CP topology and degree of protection on the congestion of the network. Some lightpaths, that support more traffic, are protected against failures, while the others are left for path restoration in the event of failures. As more lightpaths are protected, the congestion and power consumption of network increase. We provide an analysis of the factors that come into play while altering the degree of protection and observe how the choice for the degree of protection in DP can be arrived at using an appropriate design methodology.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 30, 2016
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