Composition, structure, and functional properties of organomineral composite sorbents KU-2×8-ZnS and KU-2×8-PbS

Composition, structure, and functional properties of organomineral composite sorbents KU-2×8-ZnS... Organomineral composite sorbents KU-2×8-ZnS and KU-2×8-PbS were synthesized on the basis of the matrix of a strongly acidic KU-2×8 cation exchanger. Scanning electron microscopy and elemental analysis were used to study their microstructure and chemical composition. With the use of potentiometric titration, their bifunctional nature was revealed and the dissociation constants and the total exchange capacities of the ionogenic groups were determined. The sorption of copper(II), zinc, and cadmium by KU-2×8-ZnS and KU-2×8-PbS sorbents from 0.005 M solutions of their salts was examined. The total dynamic sorption capacity of the composite sorbents for the above metals, found in the study, exceeds similar values for the individual KU-2×8 cation exchanger by a factor of 1.6–2.0 and that in 0.001–0.050 M solutions of potassium and calcium chlorides, by a factor of 1.3–4.5. An explanation is suggested for the sorption process of heavy nonferrous metals on composite sorbents with an active sulfide component by the mechanism of coordination copolymerization. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Composition, structure, and functional properties of organomineral composite sorbents KU-2×8-ZnS and KU-2×8-PbS

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1070-4272
eISSN
1608-3296
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1070427214050061
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Organomineral composite sorbents KU-2×8-ZnS and KU-2×8-PbS were synthesized on the basis of the matrix of a strongly acidic KU-2×8 cation exchanger. Scanning electron microscopy and elemental analysis were used to study their microstructure and chemical composition. With the use of potentiometric titration, their bifunctional nature was revealed and the dissociation constants and the total exchange capacities of the ionogenic groups were determined. The sorption of copper(II), zinc, and cadmium by KU-2×8-ZnS and KU-2×8-PbS sorbents from 0.005 M solutions of their salts was examined. The total dynamic sorption capacity of the composite sorbents for the above metals, found in the study, exceeds similar values for the individual KU-2×8 cation exchanger by a factor of 1.6–2.0 and that in 0.001–0.050 M solutions of potassium and calcium chlorides, by a factor of 1.3–4.5. An explanation is suggested for the sorption process of heavy nonferrous metals on composite sorbents with an active sulfide component by the mechanism of coordination copolymerization.

Journal

Russian Journal of Applied ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 6, 2014

References

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