Massive parallel sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene fragments was used to investigate the composition and diversity of microbial communities in sediments from Southern Baikal to a depth of 9 cm with 1-cm step. In the layers from the sediment surface to the lower border of oxygen penetration (2 cm), organotrophic bacteria with high similarity to the heterotrophic species Luteolibacter luojiensis constituted the largest fraction of the community. In the formation zone of Fe/Mn crusts (3–5 cm), Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria predominated in the community, while the share of Cyanobacteria was considerable. The lower reduced layers showed an increased contribution of the Bacteroidetes, while the shares of the taxa predominant in the higher layers remained significant. Analysis of archaeal 16S rRNA gene amplicons revealed predominance of the soil and aquatic Thaumarchaeota (Marine Group I lineage), which are involved in anaerobic ammonium oxidation, practically in all sediment layers. The buried oxidized layer (6–7 cm), where members of the uncultured Marine Benthic Group D lineage of the order Thermoplasmatales (Euryarchaeota) predominated, was an exception in this regard. Small numbers of archaea of the Baikal-1 lineages (below 1%) were observed in the communities from the 6–7 and 7–8 cm layers, while the archaea involved in anaerobic methane oxidation (including the ANME-2d group) were not detected.
Microbiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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