Mouse cartilage matrix deficiency (cmd), an autosomal recessive phenotype caused by absence of aggrecan, maps to Chromosome (Chr) 7 and is caused by a 7-bp deletion in exon 5 generating a premature stop codon (Watanabe et al. 1994). Another spontaneous mutation with the same locus and phenotype, cmd-Bc, has now been defined as the complete loss of exons 2 to 18, resulting in a significantly shortened mRNA (1.2 kb). The upstream breakpoint is in intron 1, 18.8 kb 3′ of exon 1; the downstream breakpoint lies 10.5 kb past the final aggrecan exon 18. The deletion is flanked by sequences homologous to topoisomerase I and II cleavage sites and a 7-bp direct repeat, suggesting the defect resulted from a nonhomologous recombination event. Additionally, the size of the first intron and the intron-exon structure between exons 12 and 14 were determined, establishing the length of the murine aggrecan gene as 68.6 kb. This report completes the structural analysis of the murine aggrecan gene, defines a second null mutation, and reinforces the importance of aggrecan in development.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 10, 2014
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