Complete genomic characterization of a European type 1 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus isolate in Korea

Complete genomic characterization of a European type 1 porcine reproductive and respiratory... Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) isolates belonging to the European genotype 1 have recently emerged in South Korea, suggesting potential problems for disease control. In the present study, we attempted to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of the first Korean type 1 PRRSV isolate, designated KNU-07. The full-length genome of KNU-07 was found to be 15,038 nucleotides in length, which was 60 nucleotides shorter than the type 1 prototype strain Lelystad due to a notable 60-bp deletion within the nonstructural protein 2 (NSP2). The KNU-07 genome was shown to consist of a 221-nucleotide (nt) 5′ untranslated region (UTR), a 14,703-nt protein-coding region, and a 114-nt 3′ UTR, followed by a 42-73-bp poly(A) tail. A nucleotide sequence comparison of the KNU-07 genome with 20 complete PRRSV genomes revealed a 10.5–13.3% and 39.5–40.3% divergence from type 1 and type 2 strains, respectively, at the genome level, indicating a high similarity to the virus strains commonly identified as the European genotype. In order to investigate genetic variation and to understand the molecular evolution of the type 1 isolate in Korea, extensive phylogenetic analyses were performed using the ORF5 and ORF7 nucleotide sequences of published type 1 PRRSV isolates. The data further indicated that the newly emerging type 1 isolate KNU-07 belongs to the recently proposed pan-European subtype 1. Taken together, the results of this study describe the genomic characterization of the type 1 PRRSV isolated in South Korea, suggesting a recent introduction of the virus typical for this genotype that has commonly appeared worldwide. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Complete genomic characterization of a European type 1 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus isolate in Korea

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/complete-genomic-characterization-of-a-european-type-1-porcine-imCKuhIjig
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-009-0347-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) isolates belonging to the European genotype 1 have recently emerged in South Korea, suggesting potential problems for disease control. In the present study, we attempted to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of the first Korean type 1 PRRSV isolate, designated KNU-07. The full-length genome of KNU-07 was found to be 15,038 nucleotides in length, which was 60 nucleotides shorter than the type 1 prototype strain Lelystad due to a notable 60-bp deletion within the nonstructural protein 2 (NSP2). The KNU-07 genome was shown to consist of a 221-nucleotide (nt) 5′ untranslated region (UTR), a 14,703-nt protein-coding region, and a 114-nt 3′ UTR, followed by a 42-73-bp poly(A) tail. A nucleotide sequence comparison of the KNU-07 genome with 20 complete PRRSV genomes revealed a 10.5–13.3% and 39.5–40.3% divergence from type 1 and type 2 strains, respectively, at the genome level, indicating a high similarity to the virus strains commonly identified as the European genotype. In order to investigate genetic variation and to understand the molecular evolution of the type 1 isolate in Korea, extensive phylogenetic analyses were performed using the ORF5 and ORF7 nucleotide sequences of published type 1 PRRSV isolates. The data further indicated that the newly emerging type 1 isolate KNU-07 belongs to the recently proposed pan-European subtype 1. Taken together, the results of this study describe the genomic characterization of the type 1 PRRSV isolated in South Korea, suggesting a recent introduction of the virus typical for this genotype that has commonly appeared worldwide.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off