Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) isolates belonging to the European genotype 1 have recently emerged in South Korea, suggesting potential problems for disease control. In the present study, we attempted to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of the first Korean type 1 PRRSV isolate, designated KNU-07. The full-length genome of KNU-07 was found to be 15,038 nucleotides in length, which was 60 nucleotides shorter than the type 1 prototype strain Lelystad due to a notable 60-bp deletion within the nonstructural protein 2 (NSP2). The KNU-07 genome was shown to consist of a 221-nucleotide (nt) 5′ untranslated region (UTR), a 14,703-nt protein-coding region, and a 114-nt 3′ UTR, followed by a 42-73-bp poly(A) tail. A nucleotide sequence comparison of the KNU-07 genome with 20 complete PRRSV genomes revealed a 10.5–13.3% and 39.5–40.3% divergence from type 1 and type 2 strains, respectively, at the genome level, indicating a high similarity to the virus strains commonly identified as the European genotype. In order to investigate genetic variation and to understand the molecular evolution of the type 1 isolate in Korea, extensive phylogenetic analyses were performed using the ORF5 and ORF7 nucleotide sequences of published type 1 PRRSV isolates. The data further indicated that the newly emerging type 1 isolate KNU-07 belongs to the recently proposed pan-European subtype 1. Taken together, the results of this study describe the genomic characterization of the type 1 PRRSV isolated in South Korea, suggesting a recent introduction of the virus typical for this genotype that has commonly appeared worldwide.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 1, 2009
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