Complete genome sequence of a hepatitis B virus isolate of genotype D2, subtype adrq+, from Brazil

Complete genome sequence of a hepatitis B virus isolate of genotype D2, subtype adrq+, from Brazil Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been classified into 10 distinct serological subtypes of the surface antigen (HBsAg) that can be predicted by sequencing of the corresponding S gene. HBV genotype D usually displays determinants of subtypes ayw2 or ayw3. On the other hand, subtype adrq+ has been found exclusively in association with genotype C. Here, we describe the first HBV genome (isolate BR32) belonging to genotype D with the serological subtype adrq+. This isolate had a genome length of 3,062 nucleotides (nt), and no recombination events were observed in the BR32 genome that could explain the occurrence of the subtype adr in a genotype D isolate. Analysis of the quasispecies population revealed that 28 out of 30 clones (93%) were of subtype adrq+, while the subtypes of the two remaining could not be determined, since they contained an S residue (instead of K or R) at position 122 of HBsAg. These results will contribute to further epidemiological and evolutionary studies of HBV. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Complete genome sequence of a hepatitis B virus isolate of genotype D2, subtype adrq+, from Brazil

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-017-3269-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been classified into 10 distinct serological subtypes of the surface antigen (HBsAg) that can be predicted by sequencing of the corresponding S gene. HBV genotype D usually displays determinants of subtypes ayw2 or ayw3. On the other hand, subtype adrq+ has been found exclusively in association with genotype C. Here, we describe the first HBV genome (isolate BR32) belonging to genotype D with the serological subtype adrq+. This isolate had a genome length of 3,062 nucleotides (nt), and no recombination events were observed in the BR32 genome that could explain the occurrence of the subtype adr in a genotype D isolate. Analysis of the quasispecies population revealed that 28 out of 30 clones (93%) were of subtype adrq+, while the subtypes of the two remaining could not be determined, since they contained an S residue (instead of K or R) at position 122 of HBsAg. These results will contribute to further epidemiological and evolutionary studies of HBV.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 8, 2017

References

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