Modern data on competitive relationships and their role in the succession of natural and artificial algal communities are reviewed. The mechanisms of macroalgae competition and the factors that affect the competitive outcomes are considered. The conception of competitive interactions between seaweeds in the field and culture is suggested. (1) Competitive relationships are possible only between seaweeds which live together and are able to exchange signals. (2) Success in the competition for light is the basis for wins in the competition for space. (3) The competition for nutrients never results directly in the exclusion of the competitor from the community. It inhibits the competitor and allows the winner to overgrow, shade, act allelopathically, and to displace the inferior competitor in the community. (4) People, creating an artificial monodominant community, either increase the competitive potential of cultivated species by selection of growth conditions or exclude the competitors.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 19, 2006
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