Competition Policy and Regulatory Reform in Canada, 1986–1997

Competition Policy and Regulatory Reform in Canada, 1986–1997 Review of Industrial Organization 13: 177–204, 1998. 1998 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Competition Policy and Regulatory Reform in Canada, 1986–1997 ROBERT D. ANDERSON World Trade Organization, Competition Policy, Geneva, Switzerland ABRAHAM HOLLANDER University of Montreal, Centre de Recherche sur les Transports, Montreal, Quebec, Canada JOSEPH MONTEIRO Competition Bureau, Industry, Hull, Quebec, Canada W. T. STANBURY Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada I. Introduction The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented expansion in the role of compe- tition policy as a dimension of national economic policy in Canada. This reflects several underlying developments. First, the 1986 amendments to the Competition Act (previously the Combines Investigation Act) substantially strengthened the leg- islation, particularly in the areas of mergers and abuse of a dominant position. Second, the amendments explicitly broadened the scope and coverage of the Act to encompass the banking sector as well as Crown (i.e., government-owned) cor- porations that are engaged in commercial enterprise in competition with private corporations. An additional major factor underlying the expanding role of competition policy in Canada has been the progressive removal of industry-specific price and entry Paper prepared for publication in a special issue Review of Industrial Organization Springer Journals

Competition Policy and Regulatory Reform in Canada, 1986–1997

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Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Economics; Industrial Organization; Microeconomics
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