Competing processes in the photochemistry of picolines and their N-methyl salts: photoinduced charge transfer, phototransposition and photohydration

Competing processes in the photochemistry of picolines and their N-methyl salts: photoinduced... Photochemical reactivity of a series of picolines and their N-methylated salts has been investigated by preparative irradiations and UV–vis spectroscopy. Understanding competing photochemical processes and knowledge of their relative efficiencies is important in the application of pyridines as photocages or in the synthesis of complex polycycles. Contrary to previous reports for the gas phase, picolines are not reactive in the phototransposition, presumably due to protonation of the pyridine nitrogen in the excited state. Deuterium exchange was observed upon irradiation in CD3CN–D2O, but it was rationalized by photoionization and radical formation. On the other hand, N-methylated picoline salts are not protonated upon excitation. They undergo photohydration and phototransposition (Φ R = 0.01–0.06). Upon irradiation of iodides, azabicyclic [3.1.0] hydration products were obtained. A difference in product distribution was observed between iodides and perchlorates, due to photoelimination of perchloric acid leading to the thermal aziridine ring opening. Moreover, excitation of iodide derivatives gives rise to change transfer transition forming iodide radicals that eventually give I3 − with the quantum efficiency Φ R = 0.015–0.02. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Competing processes in the photochemistry of picolines and their N-methyl salts: photoinduced charge transfer, phototransposition and photohydration

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-016-2669-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Photochemical reactivity of a series of picolines and their N-methylated salts has been investigated by preparative irradiations and UV–vis spectroscopy. Understanding competing photochemical processes and knowledge of their relative efficiencies is important in the application of pyridines as photocages or in the synthesis of complex polycycles. Contrary to previous reports for the gas phase, picolines are not reactive in the phototransposition, presumably due to protonation of the pyridine nitrogen in the excited state. Deuterium exchange was observed upon irradiation in CD3CN–D2O, but it was rationalized by photoionization and radical formation. On the other hand, N-methylated picoline salts are not protonated upon excitation. They undergo photohydration and phototransposition (Φ R = 0.01–0.06). Upon irradiation of iodides, azabicyclic [3.1.0] hydration products were obtained. A difference in product distribution was observed between iodides and perchlorates, due to photoelimination of perchloric acid leading to the thermal aziridine ring opening. Moreover, excitation of iodide derivatives gives rise to change transfer transition forming iodide radicals that eventually give I3 − with the quantum efficiency Φ R = 0.015–0.02.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 26, 2016

References

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