Compatibility of regeneration silviculture and wild ungulates in a Mediterranean pine forest: implications for tree recruitment and woody plant diversity

Compatibility of regeneration silviculture and wild ungulates in a Mediterranean pine forest:... & Key message Small-scale forest interventions (< 0.75 ha) promoted advanced regeneration and woody plant beta- diversity without increasing ungulate habitat use and detrimental browsing damage. Rubbing damage by ungulates was higher in the treated areas and no effect was found on woody plant alpha-diversity. & Context Adapted silviculture is needed to promote forest persistence and plant diversity in the current context of wild ungulate overabundance. & Aims This study examines the ungulate effects on tree recruitment and woody plant diversity after silviculture treatments (small-scale regeneration fellings on Pinus species). & Methods We compared tree recruitment, browsing/rubbing damage, and woody plant diversity on 17 pairs of control/treated areas in an ungulate-dominated Pinus halepensis forest. & Results Recruitment levels were significantly higher in the treated areas as compared to intact (control) plots only for large saplings and juveniles (> 130-cm high). Ungulates did not use the treated areas more often than the control plots but caused significantly greater rubbing damage in the treated areas. Silvicultural treatments did not have a significant effect on alpha woody plant diversity but did promote beta-diversity, with a 49.7% woody species turnover. We did not find any clear patterns indicating that the treated areas suffered http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of Forest Science Springer Journals

Compatibility of regeneration silviculture and wild ungulates in a Mediterranean pine forest: implications for tree recruitment and woody plant diversity

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Publisher
Springer Paris
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Forestry; Wood Science & Technology; Forestry Management; Tree Biology; Environment, general
ISSN
1286-4560
eISSN
1297-966X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13595-018-0715-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

& Key message Small-scale forest interventions (< 0.75 ha) promoted advanced regeneration and woody plant beta- diversity without increasing ungulate habitat use and detrimental browsing damage. Rubbing damage by ungulates was higher in the treated areas and no effect was found on woody plant alpha-diversity. & Context Adapted silviculture is needed to promote forest persistence and plant diversity in the current context of wild ungulate overabundance. & Aims This study examines the ungulate effects on tree recruitment and woody plant diversity after silviculture treatments (small-scale regeneration fellings on Pinus species). & Methods We compared tree recruitment, browsing/rubbing damage, and woody plant diversity on 17 pairs of control/treated areas in an ungulate-dominated Pinus halepensis forest. & Results Recruitment levels were significantly higher in the treated areas as compared to intact (control) plots only for large saplings and juveniles (> 130-cm high). Ungulates did not use the treated areas more often than the control plots but caused significantly greater rubbing damage in the treated areas. Silvicultural treatments did not have a significant effect on alpha woody plant diversity but did promote beta-diversity, with a 49.7% woody species turnover. We did not find any clear patterns indicating that the treated areas suffered

Journal

Annals of Forest ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 13, 2018

References

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