Single infective juveniles of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. megidis (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae), Steinernema arenarium, S. carpocapsae and S. feltiae (Nematoda: Steinernematidae) were used to infect single Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae. Four parameters of entomopathogenic nematodes pathogenicity were assessed: the mortality of insects, infectivity of nematodes, number of nematodes established per single G. mellonella, and degree of infective juveniles colonization (percent of infective juveniles which intestine was colonized by symbiotic bacteria). The accuracy, repeatability, and versatility for different species of EPNs in bioassay arenas were compared. Our modifications of the original methods yielded ~ 50% higher efficiency of infective juveniles in cell culture plates and > 20% higher efficiency in centrifuge test tubes. The efficiency of nematodes in cell culture plates (39–77%) was relatively low, especially in the case of Heterorhabditis spp. In the bioassay arena, infective juveniles migrated between cells. The results of our studies indicate that the pathogenicity of EPNs should be assessed in centrifuge test tubes. In these arenas, the infectivity of single IJs was ~ 90% for Heterorhabditis spp. and ~ 95% for Steinernema spp. The degree of colonization of the EPN isolates by symbiotic bacteria was in the range of 96–98%.
BioControl – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 25, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud