Comparison of Hypothesis Testing and Bayesian Model Selection

Comparison of Hypothesis Testing and Bayesian Model Selection The main goal of both Bayesian model selection and classical hypotheses testing is to make inferences with respect to the state of affairs in a population of interest. The main differences between both approaches are the explicit use of prior information by Bayesians, and the explicit use of null distributions by the classicists. Formalization of prior information in prior distributions is often difficult. In this paper two practical approaches (encompassing priors and training data) to specify prior distributions will be presented. The computation of null distributions is relatively easy. However, as will be illustrated, a straightforward interpretation of the resulting p-values is not always easy. Bayesian model selection can be used to compute posterior probabilities for each of a number of competing models. This provides an alternative for the currently prevalent testing of hypotheses using p-values. Both approaches will be compared and illustrated using case studies. Each case study fits in the framework of the normal linear model, that is, analysis of variance and multiple regression. Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

Comparison of Hypothesis Testing and Bayesian Model Selection

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Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2007 by Springer
Social Sciences; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
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