The content of cytokinins and pigments together with the morphological parameters and fresh weight were estimated in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) plants 2–4 days after introduction into their rhizosphere of an aliquot of Bacillus suspension using the strains that differed in their ability of producing cytokinins. The experiments were performed under laboratory conditions at the optimum light intensity and mineral nutrition. Inoculation with microorganisms incapable to synthesize cytokinins did not affect the total cytokinin content in the wheat plants, whereas the presence of cytokinin-producing microorganisms in the rhizosphere was accompanied by a considerable increase in the total cytokinin content and the accumulation of individual hormones. On the second day after inoculation, a dramatic increase in zeatin riboside and zeatin O-glucoside contents was observed in the roots, and at the next day the accumulation of zeatin riboside and zeatin was registered in the shoots of treated plants. The increase in cytokinin content promoted plant growth (the increased leaf length and width and a faster accumulation of plant fresh and dry weight). Plant treatment with a substance obtained from microorganisms incapable to synthesize hormones resulted in the insignificant growth stimulation. Plant treatment with a substance obtained from cytokinin-producing microorganisms increased leaf chlorophyll content; in this case, the level of chlorophylls was comparable to that observed in the plants treated with a synthetic cytokinin benzyladenine. The role of cytokinins of microbial origin as a factor providing for growth-stimulating effect of bacteria on plants is discussed.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 7, 2006
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