Int J Life Cycle Assess (2017) 22:1384–1396 DOI 10.1007/s11367-017-1263-5 LCIA OF IMPACTS ON HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOSYSTEMS Comparing land use impacts using ecosystem quality, biogenic carbon emissions, and restoration costs in a case study of hydropower plants in Norway 1 2 3 2 Vilde Fluge Lillesund & Dagmar Hagen & Ottar Michelsen & Anders Foldvik & David N. Barton Received: 19 February 2016 /Accepted: 10 January 2017 /Published online: 27 January 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017 Abstract emissions, and the cost of restoring affected habitats. Purpose Habitat destruction is today the most severe threat to Restoration cost represents a novel approach to LCA for mea- global biodiversity. Despite decades of efforts, there is still no suring impact of LULUC. proper methodology on how to assess all aspects of impacts Results and discussion Overall, the three approaches give on biodiversity from land use and land use changes (LULUC) similar rankings of impacts: larger impact for small and new in life cycle analysis (LCA). A majority of LCA studies on power plants and less for larger and expanding existing plants. land extensive activities still do not include LULUC. In this Reservoirs caused a larger total area affected. Permanent in- study, we
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 27, 2017
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