Comparative volumetric analysis of the extent of resection of molecularly and histologically distinct low grade gliomas and its role on survival

Comparative volumetric analysis of the extent of resection of molecularly and histologically... The authors investigate the role of extent of resection (EOR) and genetic markers on patient outcome and survival for LGGs. We conducted a retrospective cohort between 2005 and 2015, of 109 adult patients who underwent surgery for a LGG by a single surgeon. Volumetric computations of MRI studies were conducted to evaluate the EOR, and genetic markers (IDH1, 1p/19q co-deletion, and p53) were assessed and their effects on survival and neurological outcome were evaluated. The median EOR was 88.1%. Permanent postoperative neurological deficits were seen in 4.6% of patients. EOR was a significant predictor for both overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.979, 95% CI 0.961–0.980, p = 0.029) and progression free survival (PFS) (HR = 0.982, 95% CI 0.968–0.997, p = 0.018). Malignant progression free survival (MPFS) was predicted by the 1p/19q co-deletion (HR = 0.148, 95% CI 0.019–1.148, p = 0.048). Patients with EOR of 100% had a significantly better OS than EOR less than 90% (p = 0.038). Patients with an EOR of at least 76% had a better OS than EOR less than 76% (p = 0.025). Patients with an EOR of at least 71% had a better PFS than EOR less than 71% (p = 0.030). Preoperative tumor volume was found to have significant association with EOR (R2 = 0.049, p = 0.031). Increased EOR is associated with improved OS and PFS survival outcomes, while 1p/19q co-deletion provides improved MPFS. Understanding both surgical resections and molecular markers of the tumor are important for effective management of LGG patients. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neuro-Oncology Springer Journals

Comparative volumetric analysis of the extent of resection of molecularly and histologically distinct low grade gliomas and its role on survival

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Neurology
ISSN
0167-594X
eISSN
1573-7373
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11060-017-2486-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The authors investigate the role of extent of resection (EOR) and genetic markers on patient outcome and survival for LGGs. We conducted a retrospective cohort between 2005 and 2015, of 109 adult patients who underwent surgery for a LGG by a single surgeon. Volumetric computations of MRI studies were conducted to evaluate the EOR, and genetic markers (IDH1, 1p/19q co-deletion, and p53) were assessed and their effects on survival and neurological outcome were evaluated. The median EOR was 88.1%. Permanent postoperative neurological deficits were seen in 4.6% of patients. EOR was a significant predictor for both overall survival (OS) (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.979, 95% CI 0.961–0.980, p = 0.029) and progression free survival (PFS) (HR = 0.982, 95% CI 0.968–0.997, p = 0.018). Malignant progression free survival (MPFS) was predicted by the 1p/19q co-deletion (HR = 0.148, 95% CI 0.019–1.148, p = 0.048). Patients with EOR of 100% had a significantly better OS than EOR less than 90% (p = 0.038). Patients with an EOR of at least 76% had a better OS than EOR less than 76% (p = 0.025). Patients with an EOR of at least 71% had a better PFS than EOR less than 71% (p = 0.030). Preoperative tumor volume was found to have significant association with EOR (R2 = 0.049, p = 0.031). Increased EOR is associated with improved OS and PFS survival outcomes, while 1p/19q co-deletion provides improved MPFS. Understanding both surgical resections and molecular markers of the tumor are important for effective management of LGG patients.

Journal

Journal of Neuro-OncologySpringer Journals

Published: May 19, 2017

References

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