Comparative studies on petals structure, micromorphology and ultrastructure in two species of Stephania (Menispermaceae)

Comparative studies on petals structure, micromorphology and ultrastructure in two species of... Petals in Ranunculales are nectariferous organs referred to as “nectary leaves” and show diversity in shape, color and struc- ture due to various positions and structure of nectary tissue. Menispermaceae are in the core Ranunculales and have green and short nectary leaves, but the knowledge on structure and functions of the nectary leaves is limited. We use scanning electron microscopy, light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy to investigate nectary leaves structure, micro- morphology and ultrastructure in two species of Stephania in Menispermaceae. Our results show that secretory tissues present in the upper part of abaxial side of the nectary leaves and the specialized secretory epidermal cells are distinguished from other cells. In Stephania cepharantha, clusters of secreting epidermal cells are raised slightly above other cells to form some “bulges” (8–25 cells arranged in a cluster) and connected to distinct huge sieve tube elements. In contrast, in Stephania japonica, secretory epidermal cells are lower than non-secreting cells and result in many “well-like” structures (comprising 6–20 cells per “well”), and have no sieve tube element connection. Secretory epidermal cells have dense cytoplasm, large nucleus and abundant organelles. Nectar secretions are exuded via micro-channels or pores of cuticle on outer walls. The http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Systematics and Evolution Springer Journals

Comparative studies on petals structure, micromorphology and ultrastructure in two species of Stephania (Menispermaceae)

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Ecology; Plant Anatomy/Development; Plant Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography
ISSN
0378-2697
eISSN
2199-6881
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00606-018-1522-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Petals in Ranunculales are nectariferous organs referred to as “nectary leaves” and show diversity in shape, color and struc- ture due to various positions and structure of nectary tissue. Menispermaceae are in the core Ranunculales and have green and short nectary leaves, but the knowledge on structure and functions of the nectary leaves is limited. We use scanning electron microscopy, light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy to investigate nectary leaves structure, micro- morphology and ultrastructure in two species of Stephania in Menispermaceae. Our results show that secretory tissues present in the upper part of abaxial side of the nectary leaves and the specialized secretory epidermal cells are distinguished from other cells. In Stephania cepharantha, clusters of secreting epidermal cells are raised slightly above other cells to form some “bulges” (8–25 cells arranged in a cluster) and connected to distinct huge sieve tube elements. In contrast, in Stephania japonica, secretory epidermal cells are lower than non-secreting cells and result in many “well-like” structures (comprising 6–20 cells per “well”), and have no sieve tube element connection. Secretory epidermal cells have dense cytoplasm, large nucleus and abundant organelles. Nectar secretions are exuded via micro-channels or pores of cuticle on outer walls. The

Journal

Plant Systematics and EvolutionSpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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