Comparative sequence analysis of the VP7 genes of G6, G8 and G10 bovine group A rotaviruses and further characterization of G6 subtypes

Comparative sequence analysis of the VP7 genes of G6, G8 and G10 bovine group A rotaviruses and... We previously reported the relatively high prevalence (15%) of bovine G6 subtypes (G6s) in the field using RT-PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis (Chang et al., Arch. Virol. 141: 1727–39). In the present study, we report the nucleotide and antigenic characterization of a G6s strain (C-8336). We also sequenced the VP7 genes of four additional bovine rotavirus (BRV) strains: another G6s (MC27), G6 (IND), G8 (C-8008) and G10 (2292B) and compared these with other bovine and human rotavirus strains. The C-8336 and MC27 strains were confirmed as P(11)G6s by RT-PCR and RFLP analysis. The VP7 genes of the C-8336 and MC27 strains showed high homology to each other (∼98%) and with other bovine G6s strains (greater than 95% homology in nucleotide and amino acid sequence with KN-4{P(11)G6s}) and also showed lower, but substantial sequence homology with human G6s strains and prototype G6 BRV (79–87% in nucleotide and 88–91% in amino acid). Serologic analysis of the cell culture adapted C-8336 strain showed that it was neutralized by a G6 monoclonal antibody (MAb IC3) to similar titers as the reference NCDV and IND G6 strains. In two-way cross-neutralization tests, strain C-8336 showed 4- to 16-fold differences in antibody titers with NCDV and IND G6 BRV. Moreover polyclonal antiserum against strain C-8336 neutralized the NCDV and IND strains weakly. Genetic variability was also observed among G8 and G10 bovine and human group A rotaviruses: the VP7 genes of the bovine C-8008 (P(5)G8) and 2292 B (P(11)G10) strains showed from 10 to 17% nucleotide divergence with those of Cody I801 (P(1)G8, bovine), A5 (P(1)G8, bovine), 69 M (P(10)G8, human) and Hal 1166 (P(14)G8, human), and I321(P(11)G10, human) and MC35 (P(14)G10, human) rotaviruses, respectively. The divergence of VP7 genes among bovine and human G6, G8 and G10 strains appears related to host species origin and their combination with VP4 (P type). The data presented in this report confirms the genetic variability among homotypic bovine and human strains and highlights the importance of continued monitoring of BRV G and P types circulating in the field for the future development and monitoring of effective vaccines. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Comparative sequence analysis of the VP7 genes of G6, G8 and G10 bovine group A rotaviruses and further characterization of G6 subtypes

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