Comparative pathogenesis of acute and latent infections of calves with bovine herpesvirus types 1 and 5

Comparative pathogenesis of acute and latent infections of calves with bovine herpesvirus types 1... This study was conducted to compare the pathogenesis of acute and latent infections with closely related bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5) in their natural host. Two groups of eight calves were inoculated intranasally with BHV-1 or BHV-5. Although BHV-1 and BHV-5 similarly replicate in the nasal mucosa after inoculation, both viruses differ markedly in their ability to cause disease, BHV-5 being responsible of some fatal encephalitis while BHV-1 inducing rhinotracheitis. Virus isolation and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that BHV-5 replicates extensively in neurons of the central nervous system (CNS) and in respiratory cells of lungs, tracheal and nasal mucosae. Invasion of the CNS likely occurs through the trigeminal and olfactory pathways. Both groups developed cross-neutralising antibodies during this experiment suggesting partial clinical cross-protection afforded by the two infections. Three months after primary infection, experimental reactivation showed that BHV-5 was able to establish latency in the trigeminal ganglia but also the CNS of surviving calves. Moreover, laboratory findings suggested that BHV-5 could also persist in the tracheal and nasal mucosae. These results indicate that, after primary infection, BHV-1 and BHV-5 displayed similar biological features and consequently need to be considered together for the control of BHV-1 infection. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Comparative pathogenesis of acute and latent infections of calves with bovine herpesvirus types 1 and 5

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial