Background Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the major complication related to contrast media administration in patients after coronary angiography (CAG). However, inconsistent results have been published in the literature regarding the effects of pharmacological drugs on CIN prevention. We conducted a network meta-analysis to evaluate the relative efficacy of pharmacological interventions for the prevention of CIN. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to July 2017. We included any randomized controlled trials of eleven pharmacological interventions that reported the prevention of CIN. Results We identified 3850 records through database searches, of which 107 studies comprising 21,450 participants were finally identified. Compared with intravenous saline, intravenous saline plus pharmacological drugs including statin [rela - tive risk (RR) 0.57; 95% credibility interval (CrI) 0.39 to 0.83], N-acetylcysteine (NAC) (RR 0.84; 95% CrI, 0.71 to 0.98), vitamin and its analogues (RR 0.66; 95% CrI 0.45 to 0.97), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its analogues (RR 0.46; 95% CrI 0.30 to 0.70), prostaglandin analogues (RR 0.37; 95% CrI 0.18 to 0.76), NAC plus sodium bicarbonate (SB) (RR 0.60; 95% CrI 0.39 to 0.90), and statin plus NAC (RR 0.39; 95% CrI 0.21 to 0.70), have helped
International Urology and Nephrology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 5, 2018
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