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Comparative efficacy of pharmacological interventions for contrast-induced nephropathy prevention after coronary angiography: a network meta-analysis from randomized trials

Comparative efficacy of pharmacological interventions for contrast-induced nephropathy prevention... Background Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the major complication related to contrast media administration in patients after coronary angiography (CAG). However, inconsistent results have been published in the literature regarding the effects of pharmacological drugs on CIN prevention. We conducted a network meta-analysis to evaluate the relative efficacy of pharmacological interventions for the prevention of CIN. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to July 2017. We included any randomized controlled trials of eleven pharmacological interventions that reported the prevention of CIN. Results We identified 3850 records through database searches, of which 107 studies comprising 21,450 participants were finally identified. Compared with intravenous saline, intravenous saline plus pharmacological drugs including statin [rela - tive risk (RR) 0.57; 95% credibility interval (CrI) 0.39 to 0.83], N-acetylcysteine (NAC) (RR 0.84; 95% CrI, 0.71 to 0.98), vitamin and its analogues (RR 0.66; 95% CrI 0.45 to 0.97), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its analogues (RR 0.46; 95% CrI 0.30 to 0.70), prostaglandin analogues (RR 0.37; 95% CrI 0.18 to 0.76), NAC plus sodium bicarbonate (SB) (RR 0.60; 95% CrI 0.39 to 0.90), and statin plus NAC (RR 0.39; 95% CrI 0.21 to 0.70), have helped http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Urology and Nephrology Springer Journals

Comparative efficacy of pharmacological interventions for contrast-induced nephropathy prevention after coronary angiography: a network meta-analysis from randomized trials

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Nephrology; Urology
ISSN
0301-1623
eISSN
1573-2584
DOI
10.1007/s11255-018-1814-0
pmid
29404930
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the major complication related to contrast media administration in patients after coronary angiography (CAG). However, inconsistent results have been published in the literature regarding the effects of pharmacological drugs on CIN prevention. We conducted a network meta-analysis to evaluate the relative efficacy of pharmacological interventions for the prevention of CIN. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to July 2017. We included any randomized controlled trials of eleven pharmacological interventions that reported the prevention of CIN. Results We identified 3850 records through database searches, of which 107 studies comprising 21,450 participants were finally identified. Compared with intravenous saline, intravenous saline plus pharmacological drugs including statin [rela - tive risk (RR) 0.57; 95% credibility interval (CrI) 0.39 to 0.83], N-acetylcysteine (NAC) (RR 0.84; 95% CrI, 0.71 to 0.98), vitamin and its analogues (RR 0.66; 95% CrI 0.45 to 0.97), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its analogues (RR 0.46; 95% CrI 0.30 to 0.70), prostaglandin analogues (RR 0.37; 95% CrI 0.18 to 0.76), NAC plus sodium bicarbonate (SB) (RR 0.60; 95% CrI 0.39 to 0.90), and statin plus NAC (RR 0.39; 95% CrI 0.21 to 0.70), have helped

Journal

International Urology and NephrologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 5, 2018

References