The effects of rye chromosomes 1R and 5R on androgenesis in cultured anthers of wheat–rye substitution lines was studied as dependent on the cultivar origin of the rye chromosomes and on the wheat genome (A or D) subjected to substitution. Chromosome 1R stimulated embryogenesis in anther cultures, while chromosome 5R suppressed it regardless of whether the corresponding wheat chromosomes were substituted in the A or D genome. The effect of chromosome 1R on embryogenesis proved to depend on its cultivar origin. Along with rye chromosome 1R, wheat chromosome 1A was shown to substantially affect total seedling regeneration. Regeneration of green seedlings was dramatically affected both by rye chromosome 1R and by wheat chromosome 1D. The results supported the published data that individual androgenesis parameters (embryogenesis, total plant regeneration, green plant regeneration) are controlled by different genetic mechanisms.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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