The structural–functional variation ofChironomus riparius salivary gland polytene chromosomes was studied in two geographically isolated Palearctic regions, Bulgaria (village Pancharevo) and Russia (St. Petersburg). The two biotopes, where larvae were collected, were polluted with various heavy metals from anthropogenic sources. Hereditary paracentric heterozygous inversions were characteristic of the Russian population, whereas somatic paracentric or pericentric heterozygous inversions were more common in the Bulgarian one. All inversions occurred at low frequencies. Other aberrations found in the two populations included somatic deletions resulting in a pompon structure of chromosome IVG, heterozygous translocation between chromosomes IVG and IIIF, enlargement of individual disks, and the appearance of a heterozygous block close to the centromere of chromosome IVG. In addition, changes in functional activity of the nucleolus organizer and Balbiani rings (BRc/BRb) were observed. Several aberration breakpoints proved to coincide with satellites of the Alu and Hinf families.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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