Comparative Cytogenetic Variation of the Salivary Gland Polytene Chromosomes in Chironomus riparius Mg., 1804 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Two Polluted Biotopes of Bulgaria and Russia

Comparative Cytogenetic Variation of the Salivary Gland Polytene Chromosomes in Chironomus... The structural–functional variation ofChironomus riparius salivary gland polytene chromosomes was studied in two geographically isolated Palearctic regions, Bulgaria (village Pancharevo) and Russia (St. Petersburg). The two biotopes, where larvae were collected, were polluted with various heavy metals from anthropogenic sources. Hereditary paracentric heterozygous inversions were characteristic of the Russian population, whereas somatic paracentric or pericentric heterozygous inversions were more common in the Bulgarian one. All inversions occurred at low frequencies. Other aberrations found in the two populations included somatic deletions resulting in a pompon structure of chromosome IVG, heterozygous translocation between chromosomes IVG and IIIF, enlargement of individual disks, and the appearance of a heterozygous block close to the centromere of chromosome IVG. In addition, changes in functional activity of the nucleolus organizer and Balbiani rings (BRc/BRb) were observed. Several aberration breakpoints proved to coincide with satellites of the Alu and Hinf families. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Comparative Cytogenetic Variation of the Salivary Gland Polytene Chromosomes in Chironomus riparius Mg., 1804 (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Two Polluted Biotopes of Bulgaria and Russia

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUGE.0000013447.90957.1a
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The structural–functional variation ofChironomus riparius salivary gland polytene chromosomes was studied in two geographically isolated Palearctic regions, Bulgaria (village Pancharevo) and Russia (St. Petersburg). The two biotopes, where larvae were collected, were polluted with various heavy metals from anthropogenic sources. Hereditary paracentric heterozygous inversions were characteristic of the Russian population, whereas somatic paracentric or pericentric heterozygous inversions were more common in the Bulgarian one. All inversions occurred at low frequencies. Other aberrations found in the two populations included somatic deletions resulting in a pompon structure of chromosome IVG, heterozygous translocation between chromosomes IVG and IIIF, enlargement of individual disks, and the appearance of a heterozygous block close to the centromere of chromosome IVG. In addition, changes in functional activity of the nucleolus organizer and Balbiani rings (BRc/BRb) were observed. Several aberration breakpoints proved to coincide with satellites of the Alu and Hinf families.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

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