Comparative Compositional Mapping of Chicken and Quail Chromosomes

Comparative Compositional Mapping of Chicken and Quail Chromosomes The distribution of various isochore families on mitotic chromosomes of domestic chicken and Japanese quail was studied by the method of fluorescence in situ DNA–DNA hybridization (FISH). DNA of various isochore families was shown to be distributed irregularly and similarly on chromosomes of domestic chicken and Japanese quail. The GC-rich isochore families (H2, H3, and H4) hybridized mainly to microchromosomes and a majority of macrochromosome telomeric regions. In chicken, an intense fluorescence was also in a structural heterochromatin region of the Z chromosome long arm. In some regions of the quail macrochromosome arms, hybridization was also with isochore families H3 and H4. On macrochromosomes of both species, the pattern of hybridization with isochores of the H2 and H3 families resembled R-banding. The light isochores (L1 and L2 families) are mostly detected within macrochromosome internal regions corresponding to G bands, whereas microchromosomes lack light isochores. Although mammalian and avian karyotypes differ significantly in organization, the isochore distribution in genomes of these two lineages of the warm-blooded animals is similar in principle. On macrochromosomes of the two avian species studied, a pattern of isochore distribution resembled that of mammalian chromosomes. The main specific feature of the avian genome, a great number of microchromosomes (about 30% of the genome), determines a compositional specialization of the latter. This suggests the existence of not only structural but also functional compartmentalization of the avian genome. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Comparative Compositional Mapping of Chicken and Quail Chromosomes

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
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