Comparative and analytical study on active toxoplasmosis to assess the IgG avidity in correlation to serological profile in a cohort of Egyptian patients

Comparative and analytical study on active toxoplasmosis to assess the IgG avidity in correlation... Proper diagnosis of toxoplasmosis is very important for proper treatment in manifested cases and to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis in case of pregnancy. Screening of 180 pregnant females by automated immune assay for Toxoplasma IgG and IgM Abs was done first then positive cases and some of negative cases were evaluated for the Toxoplasma IgG avidity test versus Toxoplasma IgM and IgA Abs using ELISA technique for the detection of active toxoplasmosis during gestation using IHA rising titer as reference test. Assessment of Toxoplasma IgM by ELISA compared with rising titer of IHA as a reference test revealed that the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPP of IgM by ELISA were 66.67, 88.73, 42.86, and 95.45%, respectively. Assessment of Toxoplasma IgA Abs by ELISA compared with rising titer IHA as a reference test showed that the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPP of IgA Abs by ELISA were 44.4, 92.96, 44.4, and 92.96%, respectively. Additionally, by assessment of Toxoplasma IgG avidity compared with rising titer of IHA as a reference test, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPP of Toxoplasma IgG avidity were 100, 98.59, 90%, and 100%, respectively. Detection of specific Toxoplasma IgM antibodies by ELISA is not always sufficient in the diagnosis of early and late Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy, because Toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies may persist as long as 18 months after acute acquired infection. Thus, the specific IgG avidity test should be used as more or less low cost tool to detect acute toxoplasmosis . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Comparative Clinical Pathology Springer Journals

Comparative and analytical study on active toxoplasmosis to assess the IgG avidity in correlation to serological profile in a cohort of Egyptian patients

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/comparative-and-analytical-study-on-active-toxoplasmosis-to-assess-the-0H4e5fIiw9
Publisher
Springer London
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag London
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pathology; Hematology; Oncology
eISSN
1618-565X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00580-017-2501-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Proper diagnosis of toxoplasmosis is very important for proper treatment in manifested cases and to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis in case of pregnancy. Screening of 180 pregnant females by automated immune assay for Toxoplasma IgG and IgM Abs was done first then positive cases and some of negative cases were evaluated for the Toxoplasma IgG avidity test versus Toxoplasma IgM and IgA Abs using ELISA technique for the detection of active toxoplasmosis during gestation using IHA rising titer as reference test. Assessment of Toxoplasma IgM by ELISA compared with rising titer of IHA as a reference test revealed that the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPP of IgM by ELISA were 66.67, 88.73, 42.86, and 95.45%, respectively. Assessment of Toxoplasma IgA Abs by ELISA compared with rising titer IHA as a reference test showed that the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPP of IgA Abs by ELISA were 44.4, 92.96, 44.4, and 92.96%, respectively. Additionally, by assessment of Toxoplasma IgG avidity compared with rising titer of IHA as a reference test, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPP of Toxoplasma IgG avidity were 100, 98.59, 90%, and 100%, respectively. Detection of specific Toxoplasma IgM antibodies by ELISA is not always sufficient in the diagnosis of early and late Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy, because Toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies may persist as long as 18 months after acute acquired infection. Thus, the specific IgG avidity test should be used as more or less low cost tool to detect acute toxoplasmosis .

Journal

Comparative Clinical PathologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 17, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off