Comparative analysis of neuropeptide cleavage sites in human, mouse, rat, and cattle

Comparative analysis of neuropeptide cleavage sites in human, mouse, rat, and cattle Neuropeptides are an important class of signaling molecules that result from complex and variable posttranslational processing of precursor proteins and thus are difficult to identify based solely on genomic information. Bioinformatics prediction of precursor cleavage sites can support effective biochemical characterization of neuropeptides. Neuropeptide cleavage models were developed using comprehensive human, mouse, rat, and cattle precursor data sets and used to compare predicted neuropeptide processing across these species. Logistic regression and artificial neural network models were used to predict cleavages based on amino acid and physiochemical properties of amino acids at precursor sequence locations proximal to cleavage. Correct cleavage classification rates across species and models ranged from 85% to 100%, suggesting that amino acid and amino acid properties have major impact on the probability of cleavage and that these factors have comparable effects in human, mouse, rat, and cattle. The variable accuracy of each species-specific model to predict cleavage sites indicated that there are species- and precursor-specific processing patterns. Prediction of mouse cleavages using rat models was highly accurate, yet the reverse was not observed. Sensitivity and specificity revealed that logistic models are well suited to maximize the rate of true noncleavage predictions with moderate rates of true cleavage predictions; meanwhile, artificial neural networks maximize the rate of true cleavage predictions with moderate to low true noncleavage predictions. Logistic models also provided insights into the strength of the amino acid associations with cleavage. Prediction of neuropeptide cleavage sites using human, mouse, rat, and cattle models are available at http://www.neuroproteomics.scs.uiuc.edu/neuropred.html . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Comparative analysis of neuropeptide cleavage sites in human, mouse, rat, and cattle

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/comparative-analysis-of-neuropeptide-cleavage-sites-in-human-mouse-rat-sXROUXRnHq
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Anatomy ; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-007-9090-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Neuropeptides are an important class of signaling molecules that result from complex and variable posttranslational processing of precursor proteins and thus are difficult to identify based solely on genomic information. Bioinformatics prediction of precursor cleavage sites can support effective biochemical characterization of neuropeptides. Neuropeptide cleavage models were developed using comprehensive human, mouse, rat, and cattle precursor data sets and used to compare predicted neuropeptide processing across these species. Logistic regression and artificial neural network models were used to predict cleavages based on amino acid and physiochemical properties of amino acids at precursor sequence locations proximal to cleavage. Correct cleavage classification rates across species and models ranged from 85% to 100%, suggesting that amino acid and amino acid properties have major impact on the probability of cleavage and that these factors have comparable effects in human, mouse, rat, and cattle. The variable accuracy of each species-specific model to predict cleavage sites indicated that there are species- and precursor-specific processing patterns. Prediction of mouse cleavages using rat models was highly accurate, yet the reverse was not observed. Sensitivity and specificity revealed that logistic models are well suited to maximize the rate of true noncleavage predictions with moderate rates of true cleavage predictions; meanwhile, artificial neural networks maximize the rate of true cleavage predictions with moderate to low true noncleavage predictions. Logistic models also provided insights into the strength of the amino acid associations with cleavage. Prediction of neuropeptide cleavage sites using human, mouse, rat, and cattle models are available at http://www.neuroproteomics.scs.uiuc.edu/neuropred.html .

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 23, 2008

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off