The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify a segment of the mitochondrial DNA coding for NADH-dehydrogenase subunits ND5/ND6 in five smelt species (family Osmeridae). Amplified DNA was screened for restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Nucleotide sequence divergence of mitochondrial DNA between species ranges from 11.9 (between Hypomesus nipponensis and H. japonicus) to 24.7% (between Osmerus mordax dentex and Mallotus villosus catervarius). The genetic divergence between populations of H. nipponensis, H. japonicus, and Osmerus mordax dentex was 0.32, 0.08 to 0.15, and 0.025%, respectively. The absence of common haplotypes enables differentiation of closely related smelt species and, therefore, can be used for solving current problems in the taxonomy and biogeography of this family.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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