Comparative analysis of feeding habits and dietary niche breadth in skates: the importance of body size, snout length, and depth

Comparative analysis of feeding habits and dietary niche breadth in skates: the importance of... Skates (Elasmobranchii, Rajiformes) are a morphologically conservative group of bentophagous chondrichthyan fishes with a high degree of endemism, that occur on marine soft bottoms. Subtle morphological aspects and bathymetric distribution are traits that vary among skate species that could have implications for their feeding ecology. We test how body size, snout length and bathymetric distribution influence the feeding habits and dietary niche breadth in skates using data on 71 species taken from the literature. We hypothesized that snout length has an effect on diet composition. We also hypothesized that dietary niche breadth increases with increasing depth range and decreases with increasing body size of skate species. Generalized additive models for location scale and shape were fitted with taxonomic level (genera nested within family) included as a random effect term in each model. A model selection approach to test the level of support for alternative models was applied. We found that skate species that forage on large prey have the largest body size and skate species with the smallest body size prey on small and medium-sized invertebrates. The results indicated that body size has an effect on feeding habits of skates, whereas an effect of snout length was not supported. Bathymetric variables have an effect on the diet of skates. Our prediction that dietary niche breadth increases with increasing depth range and decreases with increasing body size of skate species was supported in part: in a first phase the relationship between dietary niche breadth and body size is positive, then in a second phase, including species larger than 1000 mm total length, the relationship become negative. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries Springer Journals

Comparative analysis of feeding habits and dietary niche breadth in skates: the importance of body size, snout length, and depth

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/comparative-analysis-of-feeding-habits-and-dietary-niche-breadth-in-9LtJqsQGnY
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Zoology
ISSN
0960-3166
eISSN
1573-5184
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11160-018-9522-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Skates (Elasmobranchii, Rajiformes) are a morphologically conservative group of bentophagous chondrichthyan fishes with a high degree of endemism, that occur on marine soft bottoms. Subtle morphological aspects and bathymetric distribution are traits that vary among skate species that could have implications for their feeding ecology. We test how body size, snout length and bathymetric distribution influence the feeding habits and dietary niche breadth in skates using data on 71 species taken from the literature. We hypothesized that snout length has an effect on diet composition. We also hypothesized that dietary niche breadth increases with increasing depth range and decreases with increasing body size of skate species. Generalized additive models for location scale and shape were fitted with taxonomic level (genera nested within family) included as a random effect term in each model. A model selection approach to test the level of support for alternative models was applied. We found that skate species that forage on large prey have the largest body size and skate species with the smallest body size prey on small and medium-sized invertebrates. The results indicated that body size has an effect on feeding habits of skates, whereas an effect of snout length was not supported. Bathymetric variables have an effect on the diet of skates. Our prediction that dietary niche breadth increases with increasing depth range and decreases with increasing body size of skate species was supported in part: in a first phase the relationship between dietary niche breadth and body size is positive, then in a second phase, including species larger than 1000 mm total length, the relationship become negative.

Journal

Reviews in Fish Biology and FisheriesSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off