Community Approaches for Reducing Alcohol-Related Harms: an Overview of Intervention Strategies, Efficacy, and Considerations for Future Research

Community Approaches for Reducing Alcohol-Related Harms: an Overview of Intervention Strategies,... Purpose of Review The study aims to provide an overview of the supply- and demand-side strategies used in community approaches for reducing alcohol-related harms, summarise key findings, and identify areas for consideration in future research. Recent Findings Whole-of-community interventions to reduce alcohol-related harms have largely used active population-level demand-reduction strategies, such as public-health messages, community outreach, and school- based education. Supply-side strategies (such as reducing physical availability of alcohol) and strategies targeted at high-risk populations (such as screening and brief intervention) are underutilised. Some small reductions in alcohol consumption indicators have been identified; however, evaluation is often via self-report and outcome reporting is poor, making appraisal difficult. Summary Community approaches to reducing alcohol-related harm have largely relied upon active demand reduction strategies targeted at the whole population. A challenge for future research is to determine the optimal interaction between higher-level national responses—including changes in jurisdictional policies and legislative controls—and local-level action to maximise intervention reach and cost-effectiveness. . . . . . Keywords Community intervention Alcohol use Prevention Early intervention Harm reduction Alcohol policy Introduction the DSM-5 model. Perman-Howe and colleagues [4] chal- lenge the long-standing Institute of Medicine classification This special issue on alcohol highlights a number of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Addiction Reports Springer Journals

Community Approaches for Reducing Alcohol-Related Harms: an Overview of Intervention Strategies, Efficacy, and Considerations for Future Research

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Neurology
eISSN
2196-2952
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40429-018-0210-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review The study aims to provide an overview of the supply- and demand-side strategies used in community approaches for reducing alcohol-related harms, summarise key findings, and identify areas for consideration in future research. Recent Findings Whole-of-community interventions to reduce alcohol-related harms have largely used active population-level demand-reduction strategies, such as public-health messages, community outreach, and school- based education. Supply-side strategies (such as reducing physical availability of alcohol) and strategies targeted at high-risk populations (such as screening and brief intervention) are underutilised. Some small reductions in alcohol consumption indicators have been identified; however, evaluation is often via self-report and outcome reporting is poor, making appraisal difficult. Summary Community approaches to reducing alcohol-related harm have largely relied upon active demand reduction strategies targeted at the whole population. A challenge for future research is to determine the optimal interaction between higher-level national responses—including changes in jurisdictional policies and legislative controls—and local-level action to maximise intervention reach and cost-effectiveness. . . . . . Keywords Community intervention Alcohol use Prevention Early intervention Harm reduction Alcohol policy Introduction the DSM-5 model. Perman-Howe and colleagues [4] chal- lenge the long-standing Institute of Medicine classification This special issue on alcohol highlights a number of

Journal

Current Addiction ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: May 4, 2018

References

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