Combined use of hyperspectral VNIR reflectance spectroscopy and kriging to predict soil variables spatially

Combined use of hyperspectral VNIR reflectance spectroscopy and kriging to predict soil variables... Hyperspectral visible near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (VNIRRS) and geostatistical methods are considered for precision soil mapping. This study evaluated whether VNIR or geostatistics, or their combined use, could provide efficient approaches for assessing the soil spatially and associated reductions in sample size using soil samples from a 32 ha area (800 × 400 m) in northern Turkey. Soil variables considered were CaCO3, organic matter, clay, sand and silt contents, pH, electrical conductivity, cation exchange capacity (CEC) and exchangeable cations (Ca, Mg, Na and K). Cross-validation was used to compare the two approaches using all grid data (n = 512), systematic selections of 13, 25 and 50% of the data and random selections of 13 and 25% for calibration; the remaining data were used for validation. Partial least squares regression (PLSR) analysis was used for calibrating soil properties from first derivative VNIR reflectance spectra (VNIRRS), whereas ordinary-, co- and regression-kriging were used for spatial prediction. The VNIRRS-PLSR method provided better prediction results than ordinary kriging for soil organic matter, clay and sand contents, (R 2 values of 0.56–0.73, 0.79–0.85, 0.65–0.79, respectively) and smaller root mean squared errors of prediction (values of 2.7–4.1, 37.4–43, 46.9–61, respectively). The EC, pH, Na, K and silt content were predicted poorly by both approaches because either the variables showed little variation or the data were not spatially correlated. Overall, the prediction accuracy of VNIRRS-PLSR was not affected by sample size as much as it was for ordinary kriging. Cokriging (COK) and regression kriging (RK) were applied to a combination of values predicted by VNIR reflectance spectroscopy and measured in the laboratory to improve the accuracy of prediction of the soil properties. The results showed that both COK and RK with VNIRRS estimates improved the predictions of soil variables compared to VNIRRS and OK. The combined use of VNIRRS and multivariate geostatistics results in better spatial prediction of soil properties and enables a reduction in sampling and laboratory analyses. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Combined use of hyperspectral VNIR reflectance spectroscopy and kriging to predict soil variables spatially

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-010-9173-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hyperspectral visible near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (VNIRRS) and geostatistical methods are considered for precision soil mapping. This study evaluated whether VNIR or geostatistics, or their combined use, could provide efficient approaches for assessing the soil spatially and associated reductions in sample size using soil samples from a 32 ha area (800 × 400 m) in northern Turkey. Soil variables considered were CaCO3, organic matter, clay, sand and silt contents, pH, electrical conductivity, cation exchange capacity (CEC) and exchangeable cations (Ca, Mg, Na and K). Cross-validation was used to compare the two approaches using all grid data (n = 512), systematic selections of 13, 25 and 50% of the data and random selections of 13 and 25% for calibration; the remaining data were used for validation. Partial least squares regression (PLSR) analysis was used for calibrating soil properties from first derivative VNIR reflectance spectra (VNIRRS), whereas ordinary-, co- and regression-kriging were used for spatial prediction. The VNIRRS-PLSR method provided better prediction results than ordinary kriging for soil organic matter, clay and sand contents, (R 2 values of 0.56–0.73, 0.79–0.85, 0.65–0.79, respectively) and smaller root mean squared errors of prediction (values of 2.7–4.1, 37.4–43, 46.9–61, respectively). The EC, pH, Na, K and silt content were predicted poorly by both approaches because either the variables showed little variation or the data were not spatially correlated. Overall, the prediction accuracy of VNIRRS-PLSR was not affected by sample size as much as it was for ordinary kriging. Cokriging (COK) and regression kriging (RK) were applied to a combination of values predicted by VNIR reflectance spectroscopy and measured in the laboratory to improve the accuracy of prediction of the soil properties. The results showed that both COK and RK with VNIRRS estimates improved the predictions of soil variables compared to VNIRRS and OK. The combined use of VNIRRS and multivariate geostatistics results in better spatial prediction of soil properties and enables a reduction in sampling and laboratory analyses.

Journal

Precision AgricultureSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 11, 2010

References

  • A comparison of prediction methods for the creation of field-extent soil property maps
    Bishop, TFA; McBratney, AB
  • Enhancing spatial estimates of metal pollutants in raw wastewater irrigated fields using a topsoil organic carbon map predicted from aerial photography
    Bourennane, H; Dere, Ch; Lamy, I; Cornu, S; Baize, D; Oort, F; King, D
  • Global soil characterization with VNIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy
    Brown, DJ; Shepherd, KD; Walsh, MG; Mays, MD; Reinsch, TG
  • Use of near infrared spectroscopy to determine biological and chemical characteristics of organic layers under spruce and beech stands
    Chodak, M; Ludwig, B; Khanna, P; Beese, F

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