The article describes a colorimetric assay for the determination of thrombin. It is based on the application of a triple enzyme-mimetic activity and a dual aptamer binding strategy. The triple signal amplification relies on oxidation of the chromogenic enzyme substrate 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) that is catalyzed by composites consisting of graphene oxide (GO), gold/platinum nanoparticles (AuPtNP), and aptamer (Apt15), a G-quadruplex/hemin conjugate. The dual-aptamer target binding strategy is based on the fact that thrombin has two active sites to be recognized by its aptamers (Apt15 and Apt29). Magnetic beads (MBs) were modified with Apt29 (Apt29-MB) and then are bound by the GO-AuPtNP-Apt15/G-quadruplex/hemin composites. In the presence of thrombin, Apt29-MB and the GO-AuPtNP-Apt15/G-quadruplex/hemin composites form a sandwich-like superstructure. Thus, the absorbance increases due to the formation of TMB oxide produced by catalysis of the composites. Under optimized conditions, the absorbance at 450 nm increases linearly in the 0.30 to 100 nM thrombin concentration range, and the limit of detection is 0.15 nM. The method is simple, rapid, and does not require complicated instrumentation. Bovine serum albumin, human serum albumin and other proteins were found not to interfere.
Microchimica Acta – Springer Journals
Published: May 19, 2017
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