Our previous research found that culturable atrazine degraders associated with maize roots were dominated by genetically similar strains of Arthrobacter ureafaciens, suggesting their rhizosphere competence. The present study aimed to assess the root-colonizing capacity of strain A. ureafaciens DnL1-1 and to evaluate consequent root-associated degradation of atrazine. A soil-sand assay and pot experiments provided evidence that A. ureafaciens DnL1-1 competitively colonized roots of maize, wheat, and alfalfa following seed inoculation. Atrazine was not absolutely required but promoted colonization of plant roots by the bacterium. In association with plants, A. ureafaciens DnL1-1 enhanced the degradation of atrazine and strongly reduced accumulation of its dealkylated metabolites. Our results show that after low-level inoculation of seeds, the bacterium A. ureafaciens DnL1-1 can establish root populations sufficient for the rapid degradation of atrazine in soil that makes it a promising bioremediation agent which can be easily applied to large areas of polluted soil. Application of the root-colonizing, atrazine-degrading Arthrobacter bacteria as seed inoculants may be a reliable remediation strategy for soils contaminated with chlorinated s-triazines and their degradation products.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 12, 2017
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