The collision dynamics between a droplet and a film has been studied with high-impact energy that can be grouped in a dimensionless Weber number, We, as normalized by surface energy. To accomplish this, we have developed a technique based on cutting of a high-speed jet, which can generate a single droplet with speed up to 23 m/s and We on the order of thousands. It was found that the boundaries indicating the occurrence of a central jet and that of a secondary droplet disintegrated from the jet decreased monotonically with increased dimensionless film thickness, H, and remained constant when the film thickness was larger than the crater depth. However, the transition designating multiple droplets that are originated from a central jet shows a non-monotonic trend with the variation of H, with a minimum We being at H ≈ 3, which is about the maximum crater depth, owing to a tuning behavior. The critical We for splashing that occurs at an early phase immediately after the impact is relatively sensitive to the film thickness only when H is between 1 and 2, which increases with reduced H. At large We (≳2,570 for high H), the ejected crown is closed to form a bubble and the transition boundary reveals a similar dependence on H as that for creation of a central jet.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 15, 2008
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