Cold-induced changes of enzymes, proline, carbohydrates, and chlorophyll in wheat

Cold-induced changes of enzymes, proline, carbohydrates, and chlorophyll in wheat Quantitative changes in total leaf soluble proteins, proline, carbohydrate content, chlorophyll fluorescence, guaiacol peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) activities were determined in a less cold-hardy (LCH) spring cv. Kohdasht (LT50 = −6°C), a semi cold-hardy (SCH) facultative cv. Azar 2 (LT50 = −15°C), and a cold-hardy (CH) winter cv. Norstar (LT50 = −26°C) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) exposed to 4°C for 9 weeks. Seedlings were grown in a controlled growth room for 14 days at 20°C and then transferred to 4°C (experimental day 0) for 63 days (cold treatment); otherwise they were maintained continuously at 20°C (control treatment). The samples were harvested 0, 2, 21, 28, 42, and 63 days after exposure to 4°C. The results showed significant low temperature (LT)-induced accumulation of total soluble proteins, proline, and carbohydrates and elevation in activities of CAT and POD in leaves of SCH and CH winter cultivars rather than in LCH spring cultivar. In contrast, the chlorophyll fluorescence (F v/F m) declined during LT treatment irrespective of cultivar. The results suggest that developmental traits such as vernalization requirement of wheat affects on cold-tolerance expression system of plants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Cold-induced changes of enzymes, proline, carbohydrates, and chlorophyll in wheat

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443710040126
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Quantitative changes in total leaf soluble proteins, proline, carbohydrate content, chlorophyll fluorescence, guaiacol peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) activities were determined in a less cold-hardy (LCH) spring cv. Kohdasht (LT50 = −6°C), a semi cold-hardy (SCH) facultative cv. Azar 2 (LT50 = −15°C), and a cold-hardy (CH) winter cv. Norstar (LT50 = −26°C) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) exposed to 4°C for 9 weeks. Seedlings were grown in a controlled growth room for 14 days at 20°C and then transferred to 4°C (experimental day 0) for 63 days (cold treatment); otherwise they were maintained continuously at 20°C (control treatment). The samples were harvested 0, 2, 21, 28, 42, and 63 days after exposure to 4°C. The results showed significant low temperature (LT)-induced accumulation of total soluble proteins, proline, and carbohydrates and elevation in activities of CAT and POD in leaves of SCH and CH winter cultivars rather than in LCH spring cultivar. In contrast, the chlorophyll fluorescence (F v/F m) declined during LT treatment irrespective of cultivar. The results suggest that developmental traits such as vernalization requirement of wheat affects on cold-tolerance expression system of plants.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 7, 2010

References

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