Quantitative changes in total leaf soluble proteins, proline, carbohydrate content, chlorophyll fluorescence, guaiacol peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT) activities were determined in a less cold-hardy (LCH) spring cv. Kohdasht (LT50 = −6°C), a semi cold-hardy (SCH) facultative cv. Azar 2 (LT50 = −15°C), and a cold-hardy (CH) winter cv. Norstar (LT50 = −26°C) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) exposed to 4°C for 9 weeks. Seedlings were grown in a controlled growth room for 14 days at 20°C and then transferred to 4°C (experimental day 0) for 63 days (cold treatment); otherwise they were maintained continuously at 20°C (control treatment). The samples were harvested 0, 2, 21, 28, 42, and 63 days after exposure to 4°C. The results showed significant low temperature (LT)-induced accumulation of total soluble proteins, proline, and carbohydrates and elevation in activities of CAT and POD in leaves of SCH and CH winter cultivars rather than in LCH spring cultivar. In contrast, the chlorophyll fluorescence (F v/F m) declined during LT treatment irrespective of cultivar. The results suggest that developmental traits such as vernalization requirement of wheat affects on cold-tolerance expression system of plants.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 7, 2010
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