Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) cold inactivation was studied in leaf extracts from Atriplex halimus L. Both enzyme activities gradually reduced as the temperature and the total soluble protein decreased. Mg2+ at a concentration of 10 mM stabilized PEPC and PPDK activities against cold inactivation. At low Mg2+ concentration (4 mM), PEPC was strongly protected by phosphoenolpyruvate, glucose-6-phosphate, and, partially, byL-malate, while PPDK was protected by PEP, but not by its substrate, pyruvate. High concentrations of compatible solutes (glycerol, betaine, proline, sorbitol and trehalose) proved to be good protectants for both enzyme activities against cold inactivation. When illuminated leaves were exposed to low temperature, PPDK was partially inactivated, while the activity of PEPC was not altered.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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