Co-infection with different subtypes of feline immunodeficiency virus can complicate subtype assignment by phylogenetic analysis

Co-infection with different subtypes of feline immunodeficiency virus can complicate subtype... Phylogenetic analyses of the V3–V5 region of the env gene are used to determine Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) subtypes but can be complicated by co-infection with different subtypes or the presence of recombinant subtypes. FIV in blood samples from 30 domestic cats in New Zealand was subtyped by sequencing three overlapping fragments of the V3–V5 region of the env gene and 467 bp of the gag gene. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the isolates clustered with subtype A and C viruses. Seven samples showed discrepancies in subtype assignment from analyses of their env gene sequences. Nucleotide differences of 19.6% and 20.9% in overlapping regions in two cats suggest co-infection with subtypes A and C. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Co-infection with different subtypes of feline immunodeficiency virus can complicate subtype assignment by phylogenetic analysis

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-007-0940-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Phylogenetic analyses of the V3–V5 region of the env gene are used to determine Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) subtypes but can be complicated by co-infection with different subtypes or the presence of recombinant subtypes. FIV in blood samples from 30 domestic cats in New Zealand was subtyped by sequencing three overlapping fragments of the V3–V5 region of the env gene and 467 bp of the gag gene. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the isolates clustered with subtype A and C viruses. Seven samples showed discrepancies in subtype assignment from analyses of their env gene sequences. Nucleotide differences of 19.6% and 20.9% in overlapping regions in two cats suggest co-infection with subtypes A and C.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2007

References

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